Smart city, smart data & smart citizens research questions:
Research questions on “Smart city”:
How are smart city ambitions defined by the various actors (e.g. businesses,
government, professionals, citizens, societal organizations?)
Which problems –defined by whom?- are sought to be solved by these smart city
How are these smart city ambitions actually reflected/embedded in
organizational structures, work approaches and implementation practices of the
various actors involved?
What components and indicators are used to implement, monitor, evaluate these
“smart” ambitions and who defines them?
Research questions on “Smart data’’:
What kinds of data, information and knowledge are considered necessary –and by
whom?- to realize the smart city ambitions formulated?
Which “smart” (=sensor-driven, automated) and “non-smart’’ (=non-ICT-based) data
collection and analysis practices are currently in use?
What benefits and drawbacks do these data practices present to different
Research questions on ‘’Smart citizens”:
With which ambitions and how are citizens contributing to “smart’’ city programs /
How are citizens’ contributions employed in the processes?
Which benefits and disadvantages of citizen engagement are experienced in
What are hindering and stimulating factors in citizen engagement?
Methodologies, data collection, analysis:
- Desk research (organizational policy papers, project documents, minutes of meetings, any other documents)
- Interviews with diverse stakeholders
- Focus groups/workshops (team of colleagues within the organization in question; citizens/communities)
- Field observations
- Attending events, meetings, work gatherings, being present in/following work processes
- Observing data platforms